Every year twenty million tourists, including many honeymooners, flock to experience the awe-inspiring Niagara Falls. Situated along the Niagara River, Niagara Falls straddle the border between the province of Ontario, Canada and New York State in the United States.At the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario and Niagara Falls, New York, tourists can choose from many attractions including the Maid of the Mist boat tour, the Skyline Tower which offers the highest view of the falls, Marineland and nearby Casinos. At night, colorful light displays illuminate the splendor of the falls. The Horseshoe Falls, on the Canadian side, are 60 metres high and 833 metres wide. Separated by Goat Island, the U.S. side includes the American Falls and smaller Bridal Veil Falls. In addition to being a prime tourist destination, Niagara Falls are also a major source of hydroelectric power.The Niagara is a fairly young river, only 12,000 years old!, a microsecond in geological time. The Niagara Escarpment, which was created by erosion is much older.The glaciers pressed down on the land during the last ice age and laid down layers of sediment, of ice and water ate at the surface of the escarpment.then the slow process of erosion .The mighty river plunges over a cliff of dolostone and shale. Niagara Falls is the second largest falls on the globe next to Victoria Falls in southern Africa.One fifth of all the fresh water in the world lies in the four Upper Great Lakes-Michigan, Huron,Superior and Erie.The water flow on the American side of the falls is much less in strength because of Goat Island, whereas Horseshoe Falls has no obstruction to divert it.
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